Humboldt Logo

PV integration in the Bonneville Power Administration balancing authority area

Show full item record

Title: PV integration in the Bonneville Power Administration balancing authority area
Author: Schumaker, Adam
Abstract: In this study I investigate the accuracy and necessity of the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) PV integration tariff, which was instituted in 2011. Note that, as of July 2012, BPA has not yet been responsible for integrating any PV generators onto its system. I use methods similar to those BPA uses to calculate its wind integration tariff. The temporal resolution of relevant solar insolation data within BPA’s balancing authority area (BAA) restricts the scope to following (10-minute) and imbalance (60-minute) balancing reserve requirements, while regulating (1-minute) reserves are not addressed. The following reserve component of BPA’s tariff comprises over 80% of the cost to PV generators. I find that, due to the integration of up to 100MW of PV generation, there is not a statistically discernible effect on BPA’s total following reserve requirements. For up to 200MW of PV generation, there is not a sound statistical basis for requiring PV generators to pay for a specific amount of following reserves. Further, the results demonstrate that for up to 50MW of PV generation, there is not a statistically discernible effect on BPA’s total imbalance reserve requirements. For up to 200MW of PV, there is not a statistical basis for requiring PV generators to pay for a specific amount of imbalance reserve requirements. In light of these results, I recommend that BPA immediately withdraw the PV integration tariff and postpone its use until a time when it is justified by the true balancing requirements for PV generators within BPA’s BAA.
Description: Thesis (M.S.)--Humboldt State University, Environmental Systems: Energy Technology and Policy, 2012
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2148/1042
Date: 2012-08

Files in this item

Files Size Format View
SchumakerThesis ... Integration in BPA BAA.pdf 38.80Mb PDF Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Masters Theses [874]
    A collection of selected Masters Theses in electronic format.

Show full item record

Search DSpace


Advanced Search

Browse

My Account

Statistics

Submit your Scholarship